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  1. Sajid Khan

    Know thyself or become thy true self? — A new source of ethics.As Kakos has rightly pointed out according to tradition ethics can be defined as human nature, as an effort to live good, as an ‘a priori’ truth, as a creation of society etc. Ethics can also be described as that quality of human nature that is generated by the highest super mature emotional brain. Moral values can be based on the character traits of the super mature emotional brain. A premature brain is totally self centered, a immature brain is corrupt , a mature brain generates a trophy self image and a super mature brain generates a selfless human being. The qualities of a super mature brain are the same as those of a self master and a wise human being. A wise human being does not only know himself he is the very personification of moral values! He does not need to know what is good or bad; his behavior is 24/7 ethical. In this context become thyself should be the goal of ethics education. Many a times even a premature brain knows good from bad yet it does not understand what is good behavior and its ignorance compels it to act in a bad manner. It is the quality of the brain that decides what is good or bad behavior for the person. Ethical behavior is decided by the developed emotional brain capacity of the individual. “This view is called “psychological egoism” and maintains that self-oriented interests ultimately motivate all human actions”. – Kakos All books on management and self help teach knowledge addressed to the reader as you/self. As the books knowledge and instructions assume that the real person is following their instructions they think that the book will be affective. The problem is most people know themselves as their self image. Thus a person whose self is cloaked in a -2 premature self image has his ethical behavior controlled by his -2 premature emotional intelligence. No matter how much you plead with him to act ethically the only reason he will not commit crime is due to fear of getting punished. If he is convinced that he can get away with it he will commit crime. A prime example is the majority of people living in third world countries. Most have their emotional brain power developed to the -1 immature level. Thus their whole behavior is corrupt. Even though they are religious and they attend their place of worship; the sermons of good behavior have no affect. Even though they know they are doing wrong they don’t understand it enough to not act corrupt. So the cycle of corruption continues and whole countries are struggling under the burden of unethical behavior. Another example is the vast majority of people living right here in America. Our emotional brain power is developed to the +1 super mature level and as a result instead of becoming selfless our brains generate a trophy self image. Satisfying the needs of our trophy self image become more important then even taking care of our progeny. Thus we neglect our family and unethecially stream roll our business rivals to achieve our self image generated never ending dreams. So instead of ‘ “This view is called “psychological egoism” and maintains that self-oriented interests ultimately motivate all human actions”. We must state, “”This view is called “psychological egoism” and maintains that self image-oriented interests ultimately motivate all human actions”. Thus to develop 24/7 ethical behavior it is not enough to know thyself. One must become one’s true self image less true self! And the foundations of the ethical code can be based on the character traits of this selfless ( self image less ) self. One of the biggest flaw I find in the approach to finding answers to the mega questions of philosophy is that man is obsessed with finding the ultimate answers instead of trying to find the best possible answers. Take the question of morality/ethics. There are those whose morality concepts are based on their beliefs. For them morality is a Gd given tenant so there are many who are bent on proving that morality is from Gd ( Is it any less good if it is not from Gd? ). Others base it on universal human values. There are points for and against these approaches and ultimate answers to date are beyond the realm of science. I suggest we take the purely scientific approach and define practical morality. I have defined the human mind in four basic levels. The moral values of a premature mind are those of a snake. The moral values of a immature mind are corrupt. The moral values of a mature mind are those of a trophy self image driven ambitions of a ‘I am the best’ driven mind. The moral values of a super mature mind are those of a wise human being. So we can define the ideal moral values as those that are generated by a super mature mind. Capitalist moral values are based on the moral values of a super mature mind; as the majority of capitalist minds develop up to the mature mind level the results of capitalistic morality reflect the moral values of the mature mind ( the majority of minds in capitalist countries ). Thus each for himself…

    • Barry Kort

      Untitled — Thanks for your contributions, Klaus. I would urge the serious reader to review all the articles on this subject, to obtain as broad a perspective as they seek.

  2. Dzonatas Sol

    Untitled — Are there any mental illnesses associated with Stage 1 lapses? (Maybe anxiety?)http://knol.google.com/k/richard-mcnally/anxiety-disorders

    • Barry Kort

      Untitled — Sociopathy and other Cluster B Personality Disorders.

  3. Mark Larkento

    The Wikipedia article on Ethics of Care has been removed. Is there another link?

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